Tyrion left the fat women to their loaves and kettles and
Of the other vertebrate fossils that have been found in the eastern portions of America, among the most abundant and interesting are the skeletons of mastodons. Of these one of the largest and most complete is that which was unearthed in the bed of a drained lake near Newburg, New York, in 1845. This specimen was larger than the existing elephants, and had tusks eleven feet in length. It was mounted and described by Dr. John C. Warren, of Boston, and has been famous for half a century as the "Warren mastodon."
But to the student of racial development as recorded by the fossils all these sporadic finds have but incidental interest as compared with the rich Western fossil- beds to which we have already referred. From records here unearthed, the racial evolution of many mammals has in the past few years been made out in greater or less detail. Professor Cope has traced the ancestry of the camels (which, like the rhinoceroses, hippopotami, and sundry other forms now spoken of as "Old World," seem to have had their origin here) with much completeness.
A lemuroid form of mammal, believed to be of the type from which man has descended, has also been found in these beds. It is thought that the descendants of this creature, and of the other "Old-World" forms above referred to, found their way to Asia, probably, as suggested by Professor Marsh, across a bridge at Bering Strait, to continue their evolution on the other hemisphere, becoming extinct in the land of their nativity. The ape-man fossil found in the tertiary strata of the island of Java in 1891 by the Dutch surgeon Dr. Eugene Dubois, and named Pithecanthropus erectus, may have been a direct descendant of the American tribe of primitive lemurs, though this is only a conjecture.
Not all the strange beasts which have left their remains in our "bad lands" are represented by living descendants. The titanotheres, or brontotheridae, for example, a gigantic tribe, offshoots of the same stock which produced the horse and rhinoceros, represented the culmination of a line of descent. They developed rapidly in a geological sense, and flourished about the middle of the tertiary period; then, to use Agassiz's phrase," time fought against them." The story of their evolution has been worked out by Professors Leidy, Marsh, Cope, and H. F. Osborne.
A recent bit of paleontological evidence bearing on the question of the introduction of species is that presented by Dr. J. L. Wortman in connection with the fossil lineage of the edentates. It was suggested by Marsh, in 1877, that these creatures, whose modern representatives are all South American, originated in North America long before the two continents had any land connection. The stages of degeneration by which these animals gradually lost the enamel from their teeth, coming finally to the unique condition of their modern descendants of the sloth tribe, are illustrated by strikingly graded specimens now preserved in the American Museum of Natural History, as shown by Dr. Wortman.
All these and a multitude of other recent observations that cannot be even outlined here tell the same story. With one accord paleontologists of our time regard the question of the introduction of new species as solved. As Professor Marsh has said, "to doubt evolution today is to doubt science; and science is only another name for truth."
Thus the third great battle over the meaning of the fossil records has come to a conclusion. Again there is a truce to controversy, and it may seem to the casual observer that the present stand of the science of fossils is final and impregnable. But does this really mean that a full synopsis of the story of paleontology has been told? Or do we only await the coming of the twentieth-century Lamarck or Darwin, who shall attack the fortified knowledge of to-day with the batteries of a new generalization?
IV. THE ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF MODERN GEOLOGY
- An instant he hesitated. Through the corridor ahead of
- crossword puzzle. I felt Stanley's hand creeping onto my
- did it again. The gash was pretty big and could have used
- something more productive, but like Dad, she had her addictions,
- For three weeks Hanson had remained. During this time he
- The Noe girls, Karen and Carol, were sitting in the backward-facing
- waved at passersby. Just sat there like he was frozen.
- kites to fly and fish to fry.I went to the Howdy House,
- good old blooms of northern Europe which My Dear had so
- to hang out at the National Guard armory at the foot of
- but, unable to find any, decided that cotton would be fine.
- their brassieres. But Ginnie Sue Pastor didn't look like
- without actually submerging his head, and to regain the
- with one or more of us. Other kids wanted to fight us because
- the couch upholstery. On the wall was a framed photo of
- bucket to keep a fire going for one evening. So while we
- Korak fast was becoming but a memory. That he was dead
- that you could hear the puckering sound throughout the
- long, smooth strokes. It went on bright and glossy and
- Brian and Lori and Maureen and I got into more fights
- freedom from doubt and questioning. Baynes had urged her
- Street were locking up their shops and heading home. Dad
- the Howdy House梐lmost pitch black, with a sticky bar
- pants and balling the paired-up socks. We never folded
- his boys had deserted, for a hunting party from the bungalow
- house. There's no snow on our roof, he said. He was right.
- that we'd never get more, and instead of a freshly painted
- was done, we heaved the armfuls of wet clothes into the
- church bell by guess. The arrival of our boats was a rare
- told me. Thing is, I meant it as a compliment.Maybe I
- One day we got a roaring fire going, but even then
- them thud against Ernie's body and clatter on the road.
- to have a good idea of time, was employed to strike the
- told me. Thing is, I meant it as a compliment.Maybe I
- when our neighbors the Noes drove by in their station wagon.
- wood. On the way back, Brian stopped and looked at our
- was the especial pride and joy of My Dear and Meriem. The
- and meeting Ginnie Sue, I'd come away with some idea of
- I went for a wing first, pulling apart the spindly
- the ground, Mom sent me next door to borrow a pail of water
- mist seemed to float above the water. This mist had a familiar
- it was because mining was dangerous and cramped and dirty
- over it and figured we could make a blackbird pie, like
- When I asked him where he'd been, his explanations were
- indigo came next in value; then capsicum, old clothes,
- Hey! one of the regulars called out when I walked
- on the pile of potatoes, our dinner, on a plate on the
- in my life I'd ever seen him wearing a necktie, which he
- could trust. To them he explained his plans and the rich
- fell asleep in the basement while reading comic books and