He saw three gates during his wanderings—the main entrance
"In examining things present, we have data from which to reason with regard to what has been; and from what actually has been we have data for concluding with regard to that which is to happen hereafter. Therefore, upon the supposition that the operations of nature are equable and steady, we find, in natural appearances, means for concluding a certain portion of time to have necessarily elapsed in the production of those events of which we see the effects.
"It is thus that, in finding the relics of sea animals of every kind in the solid body of our earth, a natural history of those animals is formed, which includes a certain portion of time; and for the ascertaining this portion of time we must again have recourse to the regular operations of this world. We shall thus arrive at facts which indicate a period to which no other species of chronology is able to remount.
"We find the marks of marine animals in the most solid parts of the earth, consequently those solid parts have been formed after the ocean was inhabited by those animals which are proper to that fluid medium. If, therefore, we knew the natural history of these solid parts, and could trace the operations of the globe by which they have been formed, we would have some means for computing the time through which those species of animals have continued to live. But how shall we describe a process which nobody has seen performed and of which no written history gives any account? This is only to be investigated, first, in examining the nature of those solid bodies the history of which we want to know; and, secondly, in examining the natural operations of the globe, in order to see if there now exist such operations as, from the nature of the solid bodies, appear to have been necessary for their formation.
"There are few beds of marble or limestone in which may not be found some of those objects which indicate the marine object of the mass. If, for example, in a mass of marble taken from a quarry upon the top of the Alps or Andes there shall be found one cockle-shell or piece of coral, it must be concluded that this bed of stone has been originally formed at the bottom of the sea, as much as another bed which is evidently composed almost altogether of cockle-shells and coral. If one bed of limestone is thus found to have been of marine origin, every concomitant bed of the same kind must be also concluded to have been formed in the same manner.
"In those calcareous strata, which are evidently of marine origin, there are many parts which are of sparry structure--that is to say, the original texture of those beds in such places has been dissolved, and a new structure has been assumed which is peculiar to a certain state of the calcareous earth. This change is produced by crystallization, in consequence of a previous state of fluidity, which has so disposed the concerting parts as to allow them to assume a regular shape and structure proper to that substance. A body whose external form has been modified by this process is called a CRYSTAL; one whose internal arrangement of parts is determined by it is said to be of a SPARRY STRUCTURE, and this is known from its fracture.
"There are, in all the regions of the earth, huge masses of calcareous matter in that crystalline form or sparry state in which, perhaps, no vestige can be found of any organized body, nor any indication that such calcareous matter has belonged to animals; but as in other masses this sparry structure or crystalline state is evidently assumed by the marine calcareous substances in operations which are natural to the globe, and which are necessary to the consolidation of the strata, it does not appear that the sparry masses in which no figured body is formed have been originally different from other masses, which, being only crystallized in part, and in part still retaining their original form, have ample evidence of their marine origin.
"We are led, in this manner, to conclude that all the strata of the earth, not only those consisting of such calcareous masses, but others superincumbent upon these, have had their origin at the bottom of the sea.
"The general amount of our reasoning is this, that nine-tenths, perhaps, or ninety-nine-hundredths, of this earth, so far as we see, have been formed by natural operations of the globe in collecting loose materials and depositing them at the bottom of the sea; consolidating those collections in various degrees, and either elevating those consolidated masses above the level on which they were formed or lowering the level of that sea.
- away from our tents the large circle of lookers on. An
- where I had attended Boys Nation just four years earlier.
- captive nations there, too. I had a conversation with the
- he felt would cause us to drift into commitments which
- To his host he explained that he was moving his safari
- he does for the Committee; this work is below his intellectual
- an international organization to preserve peace after the
- fashionable homes after a dinner party. When they reached
- December 1st. — We steered for the island of Lemuy. I
- to open foreign markets to our chickens. It had never occurred
- tell Mother and me he was still there. Twice when he should
- way through the turmoil of the time. I got over the loss
- bivouacked near us. They had no shelter during the rain.
- baby had his handkerchief. I wish she could have understood
- He deserved to win. He had outthought, outorganized, and
- admit it, you just look for a bigger shovel. The more difficulties
- either a watch or a clock; and an old man who was supposed
- I have are two not at all impressive Money and Banking
- seemed to him stupid and self-defeating. Fulbright liked
- summer of 1966, he had decided our policy in Vietnam was
- a pound of sugar or an ordinary knife. No individual possessed
- nice things about him that werent true, that he would have
- he passed an oral examination with honors after reading
- Fulbright went to the hometown university, where he was
- or that other infinitely more beautiful flower who wandered
- time again. I had decided a year or so earlier that I would
- turned in their draft cards, which were presented to the
- where he couldnt help. He always wore his game face to
- the catacombs. Max glanced at the white face of Helen Cumberly,
- of his civil rights work in President Kennedys Justice
- oppose. I talked to Lee Williams about it. He said that
- is usually in recess all of August. Its a good time to
- was the especial pride and joy of My Dear and Meriem. The
- scorned and laughed at had he heard them. Unlike me, Daddy
- room. The committee had selected one guy from New Orleans,
- That sealed it. Modglin beat the hell out of me, 717570.
- which marks the natural boundary of the country that the
- didnt want to get beat. He signed the Southern Manifesto
- more likely to esteem the performance of public duties
- and their older supporters among intellectuals, artists,
- sought her out. She did not know that he had even better
- idea of dropping out of school and enlisting in the militaryafter
- urban problems, and predicted more racial violence than
- miss too much school, so they didnt call me right away.
- could trust. To them he explained his plans and the rich
- Tell your mama, tell your pa, Im gonna send you back to
- generous American contributions to international institutions
- the senator because of his preoccupation with and deepening
- and he pulled up short, for, instinctively, he knew that
- the Congress, and the country. As I write this, it seems